BULGARIAN ORIGINALS

BULGARIAN ORIGINALS
BULGARIAN ORIGINALS - RECORDS OF BULGARIAN POPULAR MUSIC AND MUSICIANS FROM THE PAST CENTURY

28.06.12 г.

Alexsander Raychev - Symphony № 2 "Modern Prometheus" part.1 (1958)

Вестник "Култура", брой 28, 21 юни 2000 г.

Спомени от петолинието

Един 25-минутен филм за композитора Александър Райчев, излъчен в най-невзрачното ТВ време - 14 часа в делничен ден, успя да се домогне до малкия екран. Не привикнали на подобни екстри, бяхме учудени, че все пак сред телевизионните сериали със стари игрални филми, сред новинарски емисии, един филм-портрет за български композитор е намерил място в програмата на Канал 1. Рядко създателите на духовни ценности представляват интерес за Националната ни телевизия, тъй като интересите на аудиторията, предполага се, са в други посоки. Добре е обаче в хранилището на Националната телевизия да започне натрупване на ленти, заснели онези, които днес са в сянката на злободневните теми, но които ще останат в бъдещето със зададеното от тях в духовната сфера. Ще останат, ако не ги забравим, разбира се.
"Спомени от петолинието" са озаглавили филма за композитора Александър Райчев неговите създатели - сценаристката Боянка Арнаудова, режисьорът Петър Бакалов и музикалната редакторка Нели Маврова. Заглавието е заимствано от едноименната книга, която композиторът току-що е завършил. Продуцент е Невена Коралова, редакция "Класическа музика" на Националната телевизия.
В малкото по обем време авторите на филма са успели да поместят немалко количество информация, да намерят място за музикални откъси, дори да разделят цялото на фрагменти, всеки от който е със свое подзаглавие :"Моят род", "Моят учител", "Симфониите и оперите", "Моето семейство" и т. н. Филмът е изграден като монологична изповед. Не другите за композитора, а композиторът за себе си. Стремежът е бил да се провокира възможно повече откровеност, да се насочи разказът към неща, които другаде Александър Райчев не е казал и не би казал, да се събудят спомените. Авторите са постигнали много в тази насока. Разказът е не само изповедален, но и динамичен, интересен. Откриваме любопитни моменти от детството на композитора. Спомените за учителя Панчо Владигеров заемат централно място в монолога, както, очевидно и в живота и сърцето на Александър Райчев. "От него научих да не вземам от талантливи ученици пари за уроци - казва композиторът. Той знаеше, че аз нямам пари и затова не ми искаше пари за уроци". И още един колоритен спомен: "Панчо беше горд с мен и впоследствие, винаги след като се изпълнеше мое произведение, той заставаше до мен и като дете се радваше на поздравленията, които приемах". После следват спомените за "унгарския" период на обучение: "Бях възхитен от гарата в Будапеща - за пръв път виждах толкова голяма гара" - споделя композиторът, а после си спомня с не по-малко възхита за учителя си Золтан Кодай. И отново спомени: за големия композитор и диригент Константин Илиев: "Той дирижира всичките ми симфонии. Ако беше жив, сигурно щеше да направи и Шеста". Симфониите са представени, макар и с малки откъсчета. Дори при този блиц е постигнат своеобразен преглед на развитието на твореца и на пътя извървян от безметежния романтизъм до мъдрата съсредоточеност. Понеже в архива на телевизията са липсвали кадри от неговите опери, Александър Райчев е представен повече като симфоничен композитор. Но не е пропусната онази негова песничка, която поколения българи носят в сърцата си от детството. "Тихо се сипе първият сняг".
Този малък филм е затворен в рамка. Точно като портрет: началото и краят се събират в един кадър - композиторът и съпругата му в техния дом.
Филмът е чиста проба телевизионен продукт: в него не тежат музиковедски размисли и анализи на творби и творчески периоди. Целта му е да представи твореца отвътре, да надникне в същността му. Именно това придава необикновена жизненост на този малък филм-портрет. И не можем да не си пожелаем на телевизионния ни екран да се появяват още такива филми, уловили мигове от живота на тези, които на завещават плодовете на десетилетия творчески труд. Националната ни телевизия трябва да трупа систематично и безотказно нови и нови документи за строителите на българската култура.


Румяна Апостолова

http://www.kultura.bg/media/my_html/2139/c-raychev.htm

27.06.12 г.

Alexsander Raychev - Symphony № 2 "Modern Prometheus" part.2 (1958)

http://www.ubc-bg.com/en/composer/5
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He is brother of Victor Raychev. He started studying music since early childhood. He studied with Assen Karastoyanov and Parashkev Hadjiev; in 1934 he was private student of Composition of Pancho Vladigerov. He graduated from the State Academy of Music in 1947 majoring in Piano and Composition under Professor Pancho Vladigerov. He specialised in Composition with Ianos Viski and Zoltan Kodaly, and Conducting with Ianos Ferencik at the Liszt Music Academy in Budapest (1949-50). During his study he worked at the Music Section of Radio Sofia, later he conducted the orchestra of the National Youth Theatre. In 1950 he joined the staff of the State Academy of Music as lecturer in Harmony and later became full professor of Harmony (1962) and Composition. He was its Rector (1972-79). Since 1971 he was elected Member of Parliament in four Bulgarian Parliaments. From 1980 to 1990 he chaired the Union of Bulgarian Composers. He was also member of the Union of Bulgarian Filmmakers. In 1990 he was elected Honorary Member-Academician of the Royal Academy of Science and Fine Arts in Brussels, as well as Honorary Member of the International Society for Contemporary Music in Baden-Baden, Germany.

He was one of the most prominent representatives of the Bulgarian music and music culture. He wrote three operas and a radio opera; two ballets; an opera-review; children’s operettas and music fairytales, six oratorios; three cantatas and a liturgy; six symphonies; five overtures, concertos and other works for symphony, chamber and string orchestra; chamber works; over 30 songs for voice and piano; over 600 choral and children’s songs; theatre and film music, etc. His work was prize-winning on many occasions; he was awarded orders, medals, honorary distinctions, etc. As Professor of Composition, Alexander Raychev created his own composition school. The active social involvement and optimistic pathos as witnessed by his work reflects characteristic features of the Bulgarian music after the 1950s. During the 1990s particularly remarkable by its philosophical expressiveness is his Symphony ?6 Liturgical.

Works

Stage music / Operas:

The Bridge (1965, Ruse); Your Presence radio opera (1968, Radio Sofia); Alarm (1974, Sofia); Khan Asparuh (1981, Ruse).

Ballets:

Haidouk Song (1953, Sofia); The Fountain of the White-legged Woman (1978, Sofia).

Operetta-review:

Orchid’s Nightingale (1963, Sofia).

Musical play:

Be Aware of a Jaguar (Addio Fotev) (1971, Bulgarian National Television).

Children’s operettas and fairytales:

Bal of Flowers (lost); Pot with Wings (1946); Tale about the Cricket; Pif, Paf, Puf (1963); Gecho, Decho and the Bees (1965).

Choral-orchestral:

For mixed choir and symphony orchestra:

Oratorios:

Friendship, lyrics by Pavel Matev (bass solo) (1954); October 1950, lyrics by M. Lyubomirova (baritone, mezzo-soprano) (1967); Bulgaria – White, Green, Red, lyrics by D. Metodiev – oratorio-cantata (with reader), instrumental ensemble (1977); Oratorio-Meeting, lyrics by P. Slavyanski – literature composition (with reader, children’s choir and instrumental ensemble) (1984); Kabile, to his own words and after Ovid’s Metamorphoses (with reader) (1991).

Cantata:

Varna, lyrics by N. Valchev (1979).

For male voices choir and symphony orchestra:

Dimitrov still Lives – oratorio (with soloist and reader) (1953); Shipka, lyrics by Orlin Orlinov cantata (with readers and soloists) (1988).

For female voices choir and symphony orchestra:

Pioneers Suite, lyrics by Tzvetan Angelov little cantata (1950).

For symphony orchestra:

Symphonies: 1 – Symphony-cantata He Shall Not Die (1950); 2 The New Prometheus (1958); 3 lan (1966); 6 Liturgical (1994).

Symphony Suite (1945).

Suites from the ballet Haidouk Song:

First Suite (1954); Second Suite (1955).

Suite from the ballet The Fountain of the White-legged Woman (1978).

Overtures:

Bright Day (1966); Bright Dawn (1971); Academic (1974); Festival (1975); Jubilee (1986); Eulogy (1986).

Symphony Glorification “Lenin Generations” (1970); Symphony Moments “Leipzig ’33” (1972); Concerto for orchestra (1979); Balkan Rhapsody (1983); Symphony Episodes (1998).

PianoConcerto (1947, lost).

Romantic Concerto for violin and orchestra (1992).

For chamber orchestra:

Symphony 5 (1972).

Suite (1937); Suite (1955).

Triptych for clarinet, piano, strings and percussion (1989).

For string orchestra:

Symphony 4 (1968); Largo and Scherzo (1943); Four miniatures (1962); Thoughts about the Master sketches (1987); Partita melancolica (1995).

Transcription of Five Piano Miniatures by Dimitar Nenov (1992).

For wind orchestra / Concert marches:

1 (1983), 2 (1985) (orchestrated by Nikolay Bratanov). March (1984); Ballad for the Unknown Soldier for bass and wind orchestra (orchestrated by Hristo Tonev) (1986); Levski Overture (orchestrated by Nikolay Bratanov and Hristo Tonev) (1987); Transcriptions form the ballet Haidouk Song (by T. Dimitrov); Dance. Rhodope Suite (transcription by N. Tzonev) (1985).

Chamber music:

Piece for 12 double basses (1998).

String Quartet (author’s transcription of the first movement of Symphony ?5 and the second movement of Thoughts about the Master) (1988).

Rondo-trio for xylophone, small drum, triangle, cymbals and piano (1969).

Serenade and Prague Trio for clarinet, piano and percussion (1987).

For violin and piano:

Sonata-poem (transcribed for other instruments) (1940); Burlesque (1956); Three pieces (1981).

For flute and piano:

Aria and Burlesque (1965); Lyrical poem (1999).

Two Pieces for violoncello and piano (Andante and Vigoroso) (1983); Duo for viola and violoncello (1999).

Aria for violoncello (1976); Rhapsody-fantasy for flute (1991).

For piano:

Classical opus (1937); Pieces (1944); Children’s album (1957); Youth album in two volumes (1958); Ten Pieces (1962); Autumn Prelude (1995).

Theme with Variations for piano for four hands (1959).

Choral music:

A total of 550 published choral and children’s songs, among them 80 for mixed choir and piano; 30 for four-voiced choir and piano; 120 for three-voiced choir and piano; 100 for two-voiced choir and piano; 220 for equal voices choir and piano; 330 children’s songs and songs for two-voiced and equal voices choir.

About 220 mass songs.

Cantata-ballad “My Dear Girl” for mixed choir, lyrics by Pavel Matev (1974).

Orthodox Traditional Liturgy (Zlatoustova) (1993).

Film music to:

Our Land, directed by Anton Marinovich, Stefan Sarchadjiev (1952); Years of Love, directed by Yanko Yankov (1957); The Captain, directed by Dimitar Petrov (1963); Maverick, directed by Yanko Yankov (1973).

Selected collections (in Bulgarian):

Composer and Contemporaneity. Collection of Articles by Alexander Raychev and about Him (compiled by E. Pavlov) (Sofia, 1985).

Memories of the Staff… and beyond (compiled by Manya Popova) (Sofia, 2002).

Selected literature on him:

Ayanova, Ekaterina and Liliana Nikolaeva. Alexander Raychev. Bio-bibliographical Study (Sofia, 1973); Krastev, Venelin. Alexander Raychev (2001); Klosterman, Evgeni Pavlov. Alexander Raychev [with a list of complete works] (Sofia, 2002).

Alexsander Raychev - Symphony № 2 "Modern Prometheus" part.3 (1958)

http://bnr.bg/sites/en/Music/Pages/2704AleksandarRaichev.aspx
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In April we celebrated the 90th anniversary since the birth of famous composer, pedagogue, conductor and public person Aleksandar Raichev. The maestro passed away in 2003. An initiative, called Memories for the Professor took place and composers Tsenko Minkin, Rumen Bairaktarov, Yovcho Krushev along with other students of the maestro participated in it. His relatives plan commemorations in Germany and Japan. The first piece we present is a fragment of the emblematic piece Symphony No 2 – The New Prometheus. The fragment is from Part 2, performed by the Symphonic Orchestra of the Bulgarian National Radio, conducted by Mr. Milen Nachev.

Aleksandar Raichev was born in the town of Lom /North Bulgaria/ in a family of craftsmen. His parents rented a piano and he and his brother started practicing. The talent of Aleksandar was noticed by great composers Parashkev Hadzhiev and Assen Karastoyanov and those recommended him to the classic of Bulgarian music Pancho Vladigerov. “This great man revealed to me the magic of music,” Aleksandar Raichev used to say. In 1947 he graduated the National Academy of Music with piano and composition. In 1949 he went to Budapest for further study of composition and conducting. He returned home on the next year and started to teach at the academy that he had graduated. Listen next to Sonata – Poem for Violin and Orchestra /1940/ in the rendition of Boyan Lechev and the Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Konstantin Iliev.

The Pancho Vladigerov National Academy of Music will celebrate in October the 90th anniversary since the birth of Aleksandar Raichev, who used to be its rector in the period 1972 – 1979. He was Chair of the Union of Bulgarian Composers and Dancers between 1980 and 1990. In 1990 the Royal Academies for Science and the Arts in Brussels made Mr. Raichev its honorary academician. He was also a member of the International Society for Contemporary Music in Baden-Baden /Germany/. He was also given the First Degree Stara Planina Order. Aleksandar Raichev was an MP in 4 parliaments as of 1971.

The composer has left a huge heritage of musical works, but his biggest contribution to contemporary Bulgarian music are his six symphonies. In his words those are his message to the future generations. In 1953 the composer created the Guerilla Song ballet. Here is what he said in an interview back in 1969:
“The Gorilla Song ballet remained my most successful work till now. I think it represents me best. I contact in a most persuasive manner with both the audience and my colleagues via this work. I am really attracted to musical and stage art.”

The next piece is a fragment from suite from the Gorilla Song ballet, performed by the Symphonic Orchestra of the Bulgarian National Radio, Vassil Stefanov is the conductor.

The composer was once again successful in the area of ballet genre – in 1978 he finished the Spring of White-Legged Maiden ballet, composed on the lyrics of Petko Rachov Slaveikov.

Aleksandar Raichev loved the history of this country. In 1981 he created the Khan Asparuh opera and dedicated it to the 1300th anniversary since the establishment of the Bulgarian state. The composer proved himself as a patriot in works such as the Bulgaria – White, Green, Red cantata and Symphony No 1 – He Doesn’t Die on lyrics of great poet Hristo Botev.

On April 12 the Sofia Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Italian Nicola Giuliani performed the last, 6th Symphony of Raichev. “It is related to Orthodox singing and that is why I call it Liturgical,” the author used to explain. The work was composed in 1994 and was dedicated to his son Aleksandar Raichev Jr. – pianist and composer. This edition of Timeout for Music rounds up with a fragment of Symphony No 6 in the rendition of the Symphonic Orchestra of the BNR, conducted by Milen Nachev.

English version: Zhivko Stanchev

Joke - Made in Bulgaria ;)

Бел.Блог.

Съжалявам , че не знам ( и че не пише ... ) името на Човека !

Sorry that I do not know (and did not write ...) the Name of the Man!

:(

23.06.12 г.

" Боса с Нова " - Борис Чангъров

Музика , аранжимент , изпълнение -

Акустични / Бac Китари , Синтезатор , Перкусии -

Борис Чангъров

Парчето е използвано в документалния филм

" Доброволци" (2012) - реж . Светослав Драганов / Стефан Командарев.

Филмът е продуциран от „Арго филм" ЕООД в копродукция с
"Арс Диджитал Студио" и е реализиран с финансовата подкрепа на Програма „Култура" на Столична община.


Music, arrangement, performance -

Acoustic / Silent / Bass guitars, synthesizer , percussion -

Boris Changarov

The piece was used in the documentary

"Volunteers" (2012) - dir. Svetoslav Draganov / Stefan Komandarev

The film was produced by "Argo film" Ltd. in co-production with
"Ars Digital Studio" and is funded by the program "Culture" of the Metropolitan Municipality (Sofia) .